Arab Countries - Tunisia

Republic of Tunisia - Al-Jumhuriyah at Tunisiyah [ Tunisiyya ]

The Country & People of Tunisia

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This page contains links to sites in Tunisia and Tunisia related sites.
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Tunisia, Fr. Tunisie, officially Republic of Tunisia, republic (1995 est. pop. 8,880,000), 63,378 sq mi (164,150 sq km), NW Africa, bordered by Algeria (W), the Mediterranean Sea (N and E), and Libya (SE). Tunis is the capital. The Atlas Mountains in the north form a dry plateau that merges with fertile plains near the coast; in the south, below the Chott Djerid and other salt lakes, stretches the Sahara desert. The irregular coastline has several fine harbors. Agriculture, mining, energy, tourism, and manufacturing are all important to the economy. Wheat, barley, grapes, olives, sugar beets, citrus fruits, and dates are the leading crops, and petroleum and phosphates are the principal minerals. Manufactured goods include textiles, steel, and processed food. The population is largely Berber and Arab, and Islam is the dominant religion. Arabic is the official language, although French is widely spoken.

History
Settled in the 12th cent. BC by Phoenicians, Tunisia became (6th cent. BC) the center of the powerful city-state of Carthage, which was destroyed by Rome in 146 BC Taken by the Vandals (5th cent. AD) and the Byzantines (6th cent.), the Arabs conquered Tunisia in the 7th cent., and the Berber population was converted to Islam. The area came under a succession of Muslim rulers, reaching its peak under the Berber Hafsid dynasty (1230–1574). In the late 16th cent. Tunisia was seized by the Ottoman Turks, and as one of the Barbary States it became a stronghold of pirates, on whom the treasury depended for several centuries. European intervention began in the 19th cent., and in 1881 Tunisia became a French protectorate. Nationalist agitation, which first surfaced in the 1920s, became intense after World War II, and independence was achieved in 1956.
In 1957 the country became a republic, with Habib Bourguiba as president.
Under Bourguiba, who was elected president-for-life in 1975, Tunisia was a moderate Arab state, following a generally pro-Western foreign policy; support for a negotiated settlement with Israel strained the country's relations with its Arab neighbors, however. Domestically, Bourguiba emphasized modernization and planned economic growth.
In 1981 he authorized the legal formation of opposition political parties, indicating a possible shift in the direction of liberal democracy.
In 1987 Bourguiba was deposed, on grounds of senility, by Gen. Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali. Ben Ali promised continued democratic reform, but he has ruled in an increasingly autocratic fashion and sought to crush Islamic-fundamentalist opposition. Under his regime the economy has seen significant growth as it has moved away from state control. In recent years relations with Libya have improved, and Tunisia joined with its North African neighbors in forming (1989) the Arab Maghreb Union.
Ben Ali was reelected unopposed in 1994 and against token opposition candidates in 1999.
A constitutional amendment, approved in 2002 in a referendum by a similar margin, permitted the president to run for more than two terms, and in 2004 Ben Ali was reelected with 95% of the vote; he again faced only token opposition. The landslide victories of Ben Ali and the government party have been marked by intimidation and credible accusations of vote-rigging.

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Copyright (c) 2003 Columbia University Press.
Used by permission of Columbia University Press.

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All sites are in English or an English version is available except where indicated with flag(s) without "+".
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Arabic means it is available in Arabic only and +Arabic is available in Arabic and English

About Tunisia

General Information Also see Travel
ArabInfo Overview, government, history, links
ArabNet Overview, history, geography, business, culture, government, transport, tour guide, links
Atlapedia Geography, climate, people, demography, religion, education, modern history, currency, other information....
BBC Country Profile Key facts, figures and dates
Britannica.Com Country info, land, people, economy, society, government, history, culture, maps, statistics, links....
CIA World Factbook Map, geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military, issues
Changement Francais Culture, education, femme, societe, economie, environnement....
Country Reports Economy, defense, geography, government, people, anthem, map, news, weather, links....
Encarta OnLine Info, land & resources, population, economy, government, history, other related items, links....
Encyclopaedia of the Orient Geography, politics, economy, health, education, religion, people, history, anthem, cities....
Expedia Almanac, fast facts, communications, on business, health & safety, transportation, traveler's directory
Focus OnLine Tunisia - From Carthage to modern Tunisia. General info, regions, tourism, cuisine, music, maps....
Good Morning Tunisia Francais A specialized site in the centralization of the calls of public and private offers in Tunisia, as well as the new creations of appeared corporations in the JORT
Info Please General info, map, geography, government, history, land & people....
Nation By Nation Info, government, human rights, news, geography, history, people, links....
Tunisia OnLine History, government, society, economy, culture, women, tourism, environment, news...., Al Khadra Arabic
Tunisie.Com Francais History, politics, society, economy, culture, women, tourism, environment, news....
Tunisie Online.fr Francais Photos, history, football....
World66 General info, cities, history, people, economy, getting around, getting there, links....

Cities, Towns, Municipalities & Places

Historic Tunisia Hammamet, Sousse, Monastir, Port El-Kantaoui, Djerba, Matmata, Chott El-Jarid....
Ichkeul National Park A Natural World Heritage site
Kerkennah +Francais Deutsch Espanol The Kerkennah Isles official web site....
Ras Jebel +Francais Photo gallery, history, music, news, sport
World Heritage Cities +Francais Espanol Kairouan - A dense network of through and dead-end streets
World Heritage Cities +Francais Espanol Medina of Sousse - Made up of tortuous streets and dead-ends
World Heritage Cities +Francais Espanol Medina of Tunis - Made up of a non-rectilinear network of streets, vaulted passages, alleys and dead-end streets

Flag, Maps, Useful Information....

Cellular News Cellular coverage map, systems, frequencies....
Ethnologue Languages
Flag Description, meaning, history, interesting facts
Flag Explanation, historical, military & political flags, subdivisions, national emblem....
Postal Stamps +Arabic Francais New issues, themes, catagories, years (since 1888) , artists engravers....
World Atlas A brief description, fast facts, flag, landforms, maps, traveller info, weather
World Clock Local time, sunrise, sunset, GMT offset, daylight saving....
World Paper Money Paper currency since 1939

About Tunisia * Business * Culture * Education * History * Media * Organizations * Travel * Gateways * Arab Countries

Business and Economy

General, Economy, Reports & Statistics
Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Fact sheet (pdf) & travel information....
Bilateral Relations with Japan Diplomatic, investment, economic cooperation, residents....
Bourse de Tunis Francais Access to accurate and up-to-date information
Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Tunis +Arabic Francais Organize business missions, supply of information or documentations....
FinAccess Francais Financial and stock exchanges information in Morocco and Tunisia
International Labour Organization +Francais Espanol Information and key figures
Joint Tunisian-European Chambers of Commerce and Industry +Francais Developping commercial exchanges and industrial investments
Jurisite Tunisie Francais Tunisian Legal Portal
MBendi Business information, news, industries, events
Muslim Trade Network Trade reference directory and guide....
Ports Focus Ports, harbours, marinas....
Tunisian American Chamber of Commerce +Francais Access to accurate and up-to-date information
Tunisia and the IMF Position in the fund, reports....
US Department of State Country commercial guide 2001 (pdf)
US Department of State Country reports on economic policy and trade practices - 1999
US Department of Energy Analysis, information, oil, natural gas, coal, electricity....
World Bank +Arabic Francais Overview, news & events, data & statistics, publications & reports, development topics, projects & programs, Public Information Center
World Trade Organization - WTO Provides trade statistics, goods schedules, services schedules and MFN exemptions, trade policy reviews, dispute cases, and notifications

Banks

Banque de l'Habitat Francais
Central Bank of Tunisia +Francais Economic and monetary information

Directories, Job Opportunities

Career Tunis Online recruiters

Investment & Promotion....

Export Promotion Center +Francais Provides support and assistance to Tunisian exporters and to their foreign counterparts
Industrial Land Agency (AFI) +Arabic Francais Institution to boost industrial investment
Invest in Tunisia +Arabic Other languages Investment opportunities, key figures, foreign investment....
Association de la Foire Internationale de Sfax Francais Organization of fairs and national and international specialized exhibitions
StelFair +Francais Business Gateway. The virtual fair for Tunisian products and services....
Tunisian Industry Portal +Arabic Francais Industry promotion agency
World Summit on the Information Society +Arabic Francais November 2005 - Bridging the digital divide
Zarzis-Djerba Free Zone +Francais Offers to investors a site equiped with all viabilities



About Tunisia * Business * Culture * Education * History * Media * Organizations * Travel * Gateways * Arab Countries

Art, Culture & Sport

General Resources, Heritage....
Culture Tunis +Arabic Francais
Tunisian Association: Monuments and Sites +Arabic Francais Preservation of the national cultural personality

Art, Literature, Photography, Cinema....

Abd Hanafi +Francais The artist, paintings, gallery, exhibitions....

The Elevator +Francais Theatre
Familia +Francais Theatre
Ladybird Honeymoon +Francais Marionnette theatre

Bill Hocker Photographs Photo Album - Tunisia
Photos from Tunisia +Francais Photographs from tourists who want to place photographs of Tunisia in the Internet

Arab Film Distribution - Tunisia Features a wide range of narrative films, documentaries, visual essays and ethnographic films
Internet Movie Database Movie & TV reports

Music, Song & Dance....

Memoire +Francais Contemporary Dance

Cultural, Scientific, Environmental, Sporting Entities & Info

Cultural Heritage Management and Valorisation Project +Arabic Francais
Observatoire National de la Jeunesse Arabic Francais
Tunisian Community Center Portal hosted by the Association of Tunisian Americans. A virtual community center in form and function

Animal Info Threatened species, environmental and social data
AquaStat Information on quantity and quality of freshwater and its availability

Coupedafrique +Francais African Cup 2004....

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Education

Schools, Colleges, Academies, Universities & Polytechnics
Faculte de Management et de Commerce International Francais Tunis
TIME Universite Francais
Universite du 7 Novembre Francais Carthage
Universite Central Francais
Universite Internationale +Francais Programs for both undergraduate and graduate students - Tunis
Universite Libre de Tunis +Arabic Francais
Universite Tunis Francais Carthage

WorldWide Classroom University & adult education, K12 & teen....

Institutions & Organizations

Bourguiba Institute of Modern Languages (IBLV) +Arabic Francais To teach modern languages and to conduct applied research in methodologies for teaching....
Institut Central de Formation Francais Un institut de formation professionnelle en informatique et bureautique. Tunis & Gafsa
Institute of Development Finance of the Arab Maghreb +Francais Specialized in the area of banking and insurance
Institut Maghrebin des Sciences Economiques et de Technologie (IMSET) Francais
Superior Institute of Sport and Physical Education (ISSEP Sfax) +Arabic Francais To boost the training of the executives and the scientific research

Research, Resources & Projects

Calculation El Khawarizmi Center for Computerization (CCK) +Arabic Francais Provide the necessary means to promote Scientific research
Centre de Calcul El Khawarizmi +Francais Le C.C.K , en tant que principal opérateur technologique pour l’enseignement supérieur et la recherche
EduNet +Arabic Francais Tunisian Educational Portal
Higher Education, Scientific Research and Technology in Tunisia +Arabic Francais For Students and Teachers, events, activities....

About Tunisia * Business * Culture * Education * History * Media * Organizations * Travel * Gateways * Arab Countries

History, Human Right & Politics

Ancient & Modern....
Political Geography Land and people, economy, government, history....
Post-Cards Of Tunisia +Francais Collection of post-cards from Tunisia between 1910 and 1930 under the French colonization
World Statesmen Flags, chronology, rulers, governors, ministers, commissioners....

Human Rights, Politics & Political Parties....

Amnesty International +Francais Espanol News, reports, urgent action. Latest annual report....
Human Rights in Tunisia +Arabic Francais Promote human rights, be they political, civil, social, economic or cultural
Human Rights Watch +Arabic Other languages Human rights developments & report
US Department of State Country reports on human rights practices

Rassemblement Constitutional Democartique Arabic Francais Le Partie du Changement

Related Sites, Articles....

Constitution Background, history & news

About Tunisia * Business * Culture * Education * History * Media * Organizations * Travel * Gateways * Arab Countries

Visit Arab Media for satellite stations & Arab newspapers

Media

Newspapers, Magazines....
Al-Horria Arabic Daily newspaper
Al-Sahafa Arabic Daily newspaper
Al-Wahda Arabic Weekly newspaper
Le Renouveau Francais Quotidien Tunisien d'informations generales
Tunisian Dailies La Presse Francais Al-Sahafa Arabic. (pdf)

OnLine News, Newsletters, News Agencies....

Akhbar Tunis Arabic News online
AllAfrica.Com News plus, news wire....
La Press Francais Online news
Washington Post News & references
Yahoo full news coverage

Radio, TV, Internet....

Radio Tunis +Arabic Francais Looking for the latest news from Tunisia, listen to Tunisia National Radio
Tunisia TV Francais Journal, events, documentaries, sport....

Articles, Reports, Cartoons....

TunisieInfo Francais Sources d'information, documents, quotidiens, magazines, radio & TV, bulletins....

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Visit Arab Organizations for Pan-Arab, middle East, North Africa and regional organizations

Government & Organizations....

Government, Ministries, Overseas Missions, Embassies....
Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members
Political Leaders Dates and figures of the leadership since 1943 (with pictures)
Tunisian Government Francais Official site

Agence Nationale de Certification Electronique (ANCE) Francais
National Agency of Environment Protection +Arabic Francais
Nationales Archives of Tunisia +Arabic Francais A valuable source for scientific research and an integral part of the national heritage
National Institute for Standarization and Industrial Property +Arabic Francais
National Statistics Council +Arabic Francais Statistical data concerning the economic, social, environmental and other fields
Office des Tunisiens a l'Etranger (OTE) Arabic Francais
Office for Upgrading +Arabic Francais Deutsch Italiano To inform the various partners on the upgrading process, regulations and procedures
Topography and Cartography Office (TCO) +Arabic Francais Real estate registration, allotment and other various activities
Tunisian National Social Security Fund +Arabic Francais Manages a number of social security schemes

Corporations, Organizations, Public Hospitals and Industrial Entities

Agence Tunisienne d'Internet +Arabic Francais
Elgazala Pole +Arabic Francais The Technological City of Communications
Industries Chimiques du Fluor (ICF) + Francais Producers of aluminium fluoride
Packaging Technical Centre - PACKTEC +Arabic Francais A national central point for all economic operators concerned with packaging
Poste Tunisienne Arabic Francais

Centers, Institutions, Societies....

Aouledouna +Francais Association of Handicapped Children Parents
Association Féminine Tunisie 21 +Arabic Francais
Basma +Arabic Francais Association for the Promotion of Employment for the Disabled
Institute for Health and Safety in the Workplace (ISST) +Arabic Francais To promote occupational health and safety
Institute for the Promotion of the Handicapped +Arabic Francais
National Pension and Social Benefit Fund Social Security in the public sector
National Solidarity Fund To endow disadvantaged regions with basic infrastructure
National Union of Tunisian Women +Arabic Francais Promoting women's interests in all areas of society, including business, culture and science
Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas -RAC/SPA U.N. environment programme. Mediterranean action plan
Tunis Center for Conciliation and Arbitration +Francais Administer mediation, conciliation and arbitration procedures for the settlement of disputes
Tunisia International Centre for Environmental Technologies +Francais Protection and management of natural resources
Tunisian Journalists Association +Arabic Francais Report on press situation in Tunisia
Tunisian Mothers Association +Arabic Francais Conducts operational researches and studies on mothers' conditions, children and the family
Tunisian Society of Psychiatry +Francais Preparing for the IXth Panarab Congress of psychiatry
Tunisian Union of the Industry, Trade and Craft +Francais Organize missions of partnership

Foreign Entities

British Embassy Consular, commercial, news, visa....
Delegation of the European Commission in Tunis Francais
South African Embassy +Francais General, economic, travel, consular info
US Embassy US mission, consular services, latest news, US policy, journals, articles....

British Counsil Library and information services, events, news, conferences, learn English
United Nations Francais Le Programme des Nations Unies pour le developpement
United Nations Information Center Tunis Arabic Francais
World Health Organization Tobacco & health, socio-economic situation

About Tunisia * Business * Culture * Education * History * Media * Organizations * Travel * Gateways * Arab Countries

Travel & Tourism

Airlines, Air, Sea & Coach Charters Services
Nouvel Air Tunisie Francais Une compagnie a vocation exclusivement charter
Tunis Air +Francais

Tunisian Civil Aviation and Airports Authority (OACA) +Francais Administration, flight schedules, airports....

Travel, Tours, Guides.... More country info

Choose Tunisia Hotels, flights, tours, car hire, property , business, resturants, events, history, About Tunisia
Carthage Tours +Francais Regular Tour Carthage, archaeological Tour, berber Tracks....
Hedfi Travel Tunisia Vacation packages, travel Tunisia with nomads, acyivities....
Ifriqiya Travel +Francais Tunisia with passion.... Discover Tunisia, stays, tours, water therapy....
Tunisia.Com A comprehensive guide: Tunisian business, culture, travel, tours and shopping
Tunisian Travel Service Francais Tourisme local, excursions, sejours hôtels....
Tourism Tunisia Travel & tourism guide from the Tunisian National Tourism Office
Visit Tunisia A certain concept of hospitality establishing a customised and detailed tourism

Adventures of Tunisia Getting there & costs, safety & health, visa, climate, cities, holidays....
Africa Guide Introduction, visitor info, accommodation, tours....
Lonely Planet Travel information, maps, photos, background historical and cultural information
Middle East Travel Accommodation, history, after hours, travel info, addresses, cities & sights, business....
Travel Guide General & travel info, money, duty free, health, accommodation, visas....
Travel Puppy Tunisia travel information & guide
World Travel Guide Travel information, regions & places....

Hotels, Resorts, Inns, Hostels....

Abou Nawas Hotels +Francais Deutsch Tunis, Tabarka, Gammarth, Hammamet, Sousse
Abou Nawas Hotel +Francais Tunis - On the edge of the business and banking district
Le Palace +Francais Carthage - Conceived in the biggest tradition of luxury and elegance
Marhaba Hotels +Francais Deutsch Italiano Russian Situated between Sousse and Port El-Kantaoui....
Pansea Ksar Ghilane A shimmering mirage awaits you in the Tunisian Sahara
Renaissance Tunis Offering proximity to the antique sites of Carthage
Thalassa Palace Nahrawess +Other languages Hotel and holiday resort
Ulysse Palace & Thalasso Djerba
Yadis Hotels +Francais Deutsch Italiano Espanol Tunis, Hammamet, Djerba....

All Hotels Hotels, description & rates
Hostels Addresses & location
Hotels Travel Hotels directory & tourist information
Midoun Hotels Presents the best hotels, beach resorts, ski resorts, and spa resorts
Sousse Hotels +Francais Listinfg of hotels, night clubs, resturants....
Travel to Tunisia Hotel, weather, map....
Tunisia Hotels Travel Guide Offers hotels and resorts online reservations


Health & Travel Tips
Foreign & Commonwealth Office Travel information, country advise, latest travel updates....
Travel Document Systems Passports, visas, travel documents
US Consular Information Warning, visa, security, health, crime/drug penalties....

Weather....

National Institute of Meteorology +Arabic Francais Weather forecasting, cClimatology, geophysics and astronomy....
Tide Calendar Tide times, sunset, sunrise and global position
Weather Underground Temperature, humidity, pressure and conditions by city
Yahoo Weather By city. Forcast, sunrise, sunset, humidity, wind, dewpoint....

About Tunisia * Business * Culture * Education * History * Media * Organizations * Travel * Gateways * Arab Countries

Visit Arab Gateways for Arab and other country links

Gateways to Tunisia

Carthagus Francais Gateway, search engine....
Nadhour Tunisie Francais Gateway, horoscopes, gastronomy....
Winoo Francais Gateway, search engine, directory....
Ya Tunis Gateway, search engine, directory....

About Tunisia * Business * Culture * Education * History * Media * Organizations * Travel * Gateways * Arab Countries


For personal pages, private companies & entities, un-categorized and other sites, please visit
Add URL or View Tunisia Links Page

Books

Here is a selection of books, CDs and videos that will eventually cover various subjects related to Tunisia.
Click on the book title for full details and reviews.

Recommended reading:


A History of Modern Tunisia
By Kenneth Perkins

Tunisia
A Journey Through a
Country That Works

By Georgie Anne Geyer

Daughters of Tunis
Women, Family, and Networks
In A Muslim City

By Paula Holmes-Eber

Tunisia
(Eyewitness Travel Guide)

By DK Publishing

Michelin Tunisie/ Tunisia Map
By Michelin Travel Publications

For "Learning Arabic" books and CDs, visit Writing & Pronouncing of Arabic names


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Created 1 November 2000. Last updated 23 February 2011
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