Arab Countries - Kuwait

State of Kuwait - Dawlat Al-Kuwayt

The Country & People of Kuwait

Special Arab Files

This page contains links to sites in Kuwait and Kuwait related sites.
For Middle East, North Africa, Arab and regional information visit Arab Countries


Kuwait, officially State of Kuwait, independent sheikhdom (1995 est. pop. 1,817,000), 6,177 sq mi (16,000 sq km), NE Arabian peninsula, at the head of the Persian Gulf, bounded by Saudi Arabia (S) and Iraq (N and W). The capital is Kuwait. It is a sandy and barren country. With more than 10% of the world's estimated oil reserves, Kuwait is a leading exporter of petroleum and has used some of the enormous profits for social improvements. In the 1960s the government launched a program of industrial diversification, successfully introducing oil refining and production of natural gas and fertilizers. The population is predominantly Arab and Sunni Muslim, although only half the inhabitants are native-born.

Kuwait, settled by Arab tribes in the early 18th cent., has been ruled since its inception by the al-Sabah dynasty. Nominally an Ottoman province, the sheikhdom became a British protectorate in 1897, remaining so until independence in 1961. Oil production began in the 1940s and was controlled by a joint British-American firm until 1974, when Kuwait nationalized most of the operations. Kuwait took part in the Arab oil embargo against nations that supported Israel in the 1973 Arab-Israeli War and is a member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
In Aug. 1990, Kuwait was invaded and forcibly annexed by Iraq, an act that led to and was reversed by the Persian Gulf War. The war and widespread looting and intentional destruction by Iraqi troops devastated Kuwait, particularly its oil fields, but by the end of 1992 the country had repaired nearly all the damage and its oil output was at about the prewar level. Large areas of land, however, remained environmentally devastated. In 1992, opposition candidates won a majority of the seats in parliament; the al-Sabah family, however, continued to dominate the government.
An Iraqi military buildup near the Kuwait border led the U.S. to send troops to Kuwait in 1994.
Parliament was dissolved by the sheikh in May 1999; elections in July gave Islamist and liberal candidates the most seats. An edict (1999) by the sheikh giving Kuwaiti women the right to vote and run for office failed to win parliamentary ratification.
In the July, 2003, parliamentary elections Islamists won 42% of the seats, while liberals retained only a handful; government supporters won 28% of the seats.
The government finally succeeded in securing parliamentary ratification of political rights for women in May, 2005.
In Jan., 2006, Emir Jaber died; he was succeeded by Emir Saad al-Abdullah al-Sabah, who was himself in poor health. Emir Saad was soon removed from office for health reasons by the parliament, and the prime minister, Emir Sabah al-Ahmad al-Sabah, succeeded him. Clashing in parliament over consolidating voting districts, which opposition members wanted in order to prevent vote-buying, led the emir to call new elections. In the June vote, women voted for the first time, but no female candidate won a seat; reformers, both largely Islamists, won 36 of the 50 seats.
Differences between the cabinet and the parliament led the government to resign in Mar., 2008. The May parliamentary elections largely repeated the results of two years before, with Islamists again controling the largest number of seats. A power struggle over some legislators demands to be allowed to question the prime minister, Sheikh Nasser al-Mohammad al-Sabah, about the circumstances of an Iranian cleric's visit led the government to resign in November; the emir reappointed Sheikh Nasser the following month, and a new cabinet was formed in Jan., 2009.
In Mar., 2009, however, legislators and the government were again in a standoff, and when the government again resigned, the emir dissolved parliament. Sunni Islamists suffered some losses in the May elections, which also produced Kuwait's first female legislators; the emir again asked Sheikh Nasser to form a government.


Copyright (c) 2003 Columbia University Press.
Used by permission of Columbia University Press.

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About Kuwait

General Information Also see Travel
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Expedia Almanac, fast facts, communications, on business, health & safety, transportation, traveler's directory
Info Please General info, map, geography, government, history, land & people....
Nation By Nation Info, government, human rights, news, geography, history, people, links....
US Library of Congress Everything you ever wanted to know about Kuwait....
World66 General info, cities, history, people, economy, getting around, getting there, links....

Cities, Towns, Municipalities & Places

The Grand Mosque +Arabic The first place to see when you visit Kuwait - Architecture, programs, location, annexes, mosques in Kuwait....

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World Paper Money Paper currency since 1960

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Business and Economy

General, Economy, Reports & Statistics
Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Fact sheet (pdf) & travel information....
Bilateral Relations with Japan Diplomatic, investment, economic cooperation, residents....
Kuwait Chamber of Commerce & Industry +Arabic Business center, economy, commercial directory, magazine, calendar....
Kuwait and the IMF Position in the fund, reports....
Kuwait Stock Exchange +Arabic Trading data, reports, quotations, rules & regulations, brokers, company codes....
MBendi Business information, news, industries, events
Muslim Trade Network Trade reference directory and guide....
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries - OPEC Statistics....
Ports Focus Ports, harbours, marinas....
US Department of Energy Analysis, information, oil, natural gas, coal, electricity....
US Department of State Country commercial guide 2001 (pdf)
US Department of State Country reports on economic policy and trade practices - 1999
World Bank Overview, news & events, data & statistics, publications & reports, development topics, projects & programs, Public Information Center
World Trade Organization - WTO Provides trade statistics, goods schedules, services schedules and MFN exemptions, trade policy reviews, dispute cases, and notifications


Bank of Kuwait & the Middle East A fully interactive bank on the internet
Burgan Bank Offers a full range of banking services
Central Bank of Kuwait A flexible and stable monetary and financial system
Commercial Bank of Kuwait (Tijari) +Arabic Innovative products and services
Jordan Kuwait Bank +Arabic More than just a bank
Kuwait Finance House +Arabic Islamic bank. A non-interest based financial institution
National Bank of Kuwait (Watani) +Arabic Banking & online services, economics & markets

Directories, Job Opportunities

AskQ8 Dedicated to help you find the business, service or information in Kuwait
Career Kuwait Online recruiters
Kuwait Link Commercial search engine limited to businesses in Kuwait
Kuwait's Top List Kuwait business, company profiles, hotels of Kuwait....
Q8 Companies Arabic Alphabetical listing....
ProLinks Kuwait Job & Career Center

Investment & Promotion....

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Art, Culture & Sport

General Resources, Heritage....
Tareq Rajab (Private) Museum Events, manuscripts, costumes, metal Work, ceramics, orientalists, jewellery....

Art, Literature, Photography, Cinema....

May Al-Saad Portraits & Galleries

Q8 Art Galleries +Arabic Various artists....

Kuwait Pictures +Francais Deutsch Espanol Italiano An original collection of recent pictures about Kuwait

Internet Movie Database Movie & TV reports

Music, Song & Dance....

Cultural, Scientific, Environmental, Sporting Entities & Info

Animal Info Threatened species, environmental and social data
AquaStat Information on quantity and quality of freshwater and its availability
BirdLife To determine the priorities for bird conservation in the region
Green Line Environmental issues, articles, news....

Al-Azraq Kuwait national football team. Coming events, songs, diwania, goals, cartoons, FM +Arabic news
Kuwait Dive Team +Arabic Projects, enviromental issues, articles, contacts....
Qadsia Sporting Club +Arabic Establishment, members, presidents, superiority cup, sports....

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Schools, Colleges, Academies, Universities & Polytechnics
American School of Kuwait For students who seek entrance into the finest of stateside colleges and universities
British School of Kuwait Most rigorous, rounded and relevant British style education in Kuwait
Gulf English School Bilingual, all-age school based upon the British national curriculum
Kuwait English School KG to IGCSE A/S and 'A' Level
Kuwait National English School Maximum individual attention
Mohamed Saleh Aladsani School Arabic School info, scientists of the week....

Kuwait University Official home page

WorldWide Classroom University & adult education, K12 & teen....

Institutions & Organizations

Institute of Banking Studies To prepare candidates for professional qualifications in banking & finance
Public Authority for Applied Education and Training +Arabic Supervise training centers and institutes affiliated to state ministries

Research, Resources & Projects

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Ancient & Modern....
Kuwait Past +Arabic Timeline and rulers
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Amnesty International +Francais Espanol News, reports, urgent action. Latest annual report....
Human Rights Watch +Arabic Other languages Human rights developments & report
National Committee for Missing & POW's Affairs Release of all Kuwaiti POWs and provide support and aid to their families
Public Authority for Assessment of Compensation for Damages resulting from the Iraqi Aggression - PAAC +Arabic Responsible for all aspects of the UNCC claims process in Kuwait
US Department of State Country reports on human rights practices

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Constitution Background, history & news

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Newspapers, Magazines....
Al-Dostoor Arabic Weekly newspaper
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Al-Seyassah Arabic Daily newspaper
Al-Watan Arabic Daily newspaper
Anhar Arabic Monthly magazine - Cultural
Dar Al-Yaqza Arabic Assorment of magazines & newspapers - Cultural, economy, politics
Homat Al-Watan +Arabic Monthly magazine - Military
Kuwait Times Daily newspaper

OnLine News, Newsletters, News Agencies....

Al-Yaqza Online Arabic Includes Al-Yaqza magazine, Dalal magazine, Al-Iktisadia weekly newspaper....
Kuwait Automotive Kuwait autos online news....
Kuwait News Agency +Arabic Online news, archives, pictures, services....
Washington Post News & references
Yahoo full news coverage

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Kuwait Business Chat rooms, forums, cinemas, classifieds, categorized directory, entertainment....

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Government & Organizations....

Government, Ministries, Overseas Missions, Embassies....
Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members
Political Leaders Dates and figures of the leadership since 1950 (with pictures)

Council of Ministers Arabic Legal advice & legislation, fatwa law, constitution, law library....
Kuwait Investment Authority Improving the quality of investment operations and processes
Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs Arabic
Ministry of Communications Arabic
Ministry of Education Arabic
Ministry of Finance +Arabic
Ministry of Health +Arabic Services, directory, announcements, news, employment, birds flu....
Ministry of Interior +Arabic Services, events, history....
Ministry of Information Exploiting all media means towards helping the Kuwaiti society
Ministry of Justice +Arabic The administrative arm of the legal system in Kuwait
Ministry of Planning +Arabic Statistics, library....
Ministry of Public Works Arabic Statistics, library....

Embassy of Kuwait - Ottawa, Canada Information for Canadians, both businesspeople and tourists who want to visit Kuwait
Embassy of Kuwait - Tokyo, Japan +Nippon History, system of government, economy, environment, Kuwait way of life, consular affairs....
Kuwait Information Office - Washington, USA Current Issues, newsroom, the Gulf war, POWs, scholars Corner....

Corporations, Organizations, Public Hospitals and Industrial Entities

Al-Rashid Hospital Private hospital in Salmiya

Kuwait National Petroleum Company Core purpose is to provide a strategic role in the Kuwaiti oil sector

Centers, Institutions, Societies....

Kuwait Red Crescent Society +Arabic A voluntary humanitarian society providing help and assistance to the most vulnerable people

Foreign Entities

British Embassy The embassy offers consular, commercial and visa services to members of the public....
Embassy of Azerbaijan Explain the services on offer
French Embassy - Commersial Section +Arabic Francais French imports from Kuwait, French exports to Kuwait, market share....
US Embassy +Arabic US mission, consular services, latest news, US policy, journals, articles....

British Counsil Library and information services, events, news, conferences, learn English
United NationsUnited Nations Development Programme
World Health Organization Tobacco & health, socio-economic situation

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Travel & Tourism

Airlines, Air, Sea & Coach Charters Services
Kuwait Airways Information about all our flights and services

Kuwait International Airport Flight information, statistics, weather, news, services, about Kuwait....

Travel, Tours, Guides.... More country info

Q8 Diner +Arabic An informative directory of restaurants and related news....

Lonely Planet Travel information, maps, photos, background historical and cultural information
Middle East Travel Accommodation, history, after hours, travel info, addresses, cities & sights, business....
Travel Guide General & travel info, money, duty free, health, accommodation, visas....
World Travel Guide Accommodation, addresses, business, climate, essentials, resort, social, travel

Hotels, Resorts, Inns, Hostels....

Marriott JW Kuwait Connected to the prestigious Al Salhiya shopping and office complex
Messilah Beach Hotel Midway between the airport and the city centre
M?venpick Hotel Kuwait
Safir International Hotel Within walking distance of major attractions

All Hotels Hotels, description & rates
Hotels Travel Hotels directory & tourist information
Q8 Hotels Kuwait Hotels

Health & Travel Tips
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Travel Document Systems Passports, visas, travel documents
US Consular Information Visa, health, crime/drug penalties....


Tide Calendar Tide times, sunset, sunrise and global position
Weather Underground Temperature, humidity, pressure
Yahoo Weather By city. Forcast, sunrise, sunset, humidity, wind, dewpoint....

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Visit Arab Gateways for Arab and other country links

Gateways to Kuwait

Kuwait Information +Arabic Directory of companies and organisations, rules, weather, events, language, links, recipes and other info
Kuwaitiah.Net +Arabic Directory and information - Pocket PC friendly
Q8 Directory Directory and city guide

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Here is a selection of books, CDs and videos that will eventually cover various subjects related to Kuwait.
Click on the book title for full details and reviews.

Recommended reading:

Kuwait Traditions
Creative Expressions of a Culture

By Altaf Salem al Sabah

The Ottoman Gulf
By Frederick F. Anscombe

Teach Yourself Gulf Arabic
Complete Course

By Jack Smart, Frances Altorfer

Oil and Politics in the Gulf
Rulers and Merchants
in Kuwait and Qatar

By Jill Crystal

This Way Gulf States
Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar
United Arab Emirates, Oman, Yemen

By Jpm Publications

For "Learning Arabic" books and CDs, visit Writing & Pronouncing of Arabic names

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Created 1 November 2000. Last updated 23 February 2011
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(C)Copyright 2000-2011 Mazen Hejleh, Perth, Western Australia. All rights reserved.