Arab Countries - Comoros

Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros - Republique Federale Islamique des Comores

The Country & People of Comoros

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Comoros, the, officially Union of the Comoros (2005 est. pop. 671,000), 838 sq mi (2,170 sq km), occupying most of the Comoro Islands, an archipelago in the Indian Ocean, between the African coast and Madagascar. The capital is Moroni. It consists of three volcanic main islands—Njazidja, Nzwani, and Mwali (formerly Grande-Comore, Anjouan, and Moheli, respectively)—as well as numerous coral reefs and islets. A fourth island, Mayotte, is administered by France but claimed by the Comoros. Because of poor soil, lack of natural resources, and overpopulation, the islands have severe economic problems. Most of the population is engaged in agriculture, involving subsistence crops and the production of vanilla, copra, and essential oils for export. The people are of mixed African, Arab, Malay, and Indian descent. French and Arabic are the official languages, but most people speak a local blend of Swahili and Arabic. The state religion is Islam.

History
Originally populated by immigrants from Africa, Indonesia, and Arabia, the islands were ceded to the French between 1841 and 1909. After occupation by the British in World War II, they were granted administrative autonomy within the French Union (1946) and internal self-government (1968).

In 1974 the islands voted to become independent, except for Mayotte, which chose to remain under French control.

In 1978 the Comoros was proclaimed a federal Islamic republic; shortly thereafter, a one-party state was formed under Pres. Ahmed Abdallah Abderrahman.

After his assassination in 1989, Saïd Mohamed Djohar became interim president and subsequently won election in a multiparty contest. He survived an impeachment attempt in 1991 and several coup attempts.
In 1996 Mohamed Taki Abdulkarim was elected president.

In 1997 rebels took control of the islands of Nzwani and Mwali, declaring their secession and desire to return to French rule.

In 1999 the islands were granted greater autonomy. Following a coup in Apr. 1999, Col. Azali Assoumani assumed the Comoran presidency.

Nzwani voted (2000) for indepedence, but in 2001 forces favoring reuniting with the Comoros seized power there, and a Comoran referendum approved additional autonomy for the three islands. Azali resigned (2002) prior to new elections, and Prime Min. Hamada Madi became interim president. After two disputed elections, Azali was declared president in May 2002.

An accord in Dec., 2003, concerning the division of powers between the federal and island governments paved the way for legislative elections in 2004, in which parties favoring autonomy for the individual islands won a majority of the seats.

The 2006 presidential election was won by Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, a Sunni cleric regarded as a moderate Islamist.

In Apr., 2007, the president of Nzwani, Mohamed Bacar, refused to resign as required by the constitutional courts and used his police forces to retain power, holding an illegal election in June, after which he was declared the winner. The moves were denounced by the central government and the African Union, but the central government lacked the forces to dislodge Bacar.

In Nov., 2007, the African Union began a naval blockade of Nzwani and imposed a travel ban on its government's officials. With support from African Union forces, Comoran troops landed on Mzwani in Mar., 2008, and reestablished federal control over the island. Bacar fled to neighboring Mayotte, then was taken to Réunion; in July he was flown to Benin.

A referendum in May, 2009, approved of a constitutional amendment to extend the president's term to five years and replace the islands' presidents with governors, but it was denounced by opposition groups and voter turnout was light.

In May, 2010, however, the constitutional court overturned the term extension, but the president's term expired without new elections. In June, President Sambi formed an interim government, and elections were announced for November. Elections were finally held in November and December; Vice President Ikililou Dhoinine, the ruling party candidate, was elected to succeed Sambi, but the opposition accused the government of massive vote rigging.

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Copyright (c) 2012 Columbia University Press.
Used by permission of Columbia University Press.

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About Comoros

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BBC - Country Profile Overview, facts, leaders, media....
Britannica.Com Country info, land, people, economy, society, government, history, culture, maps, statistics, links....
CIA World Factbook Map, geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military, issues
Comoro Islands Geography, climate, population, language, music....
Comoros Islands Comprehensive information.Country profile, islands & beyond, travel tips, currency, economy, population, climate, music....
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Expedia Almanac, fast facts, communications, on business, health & safety, transportation, traveler's directory
Info Please General info, map, geography, government, history, land & people....
MweziNet Encyclopedia of Comoros Islands. Web magazine - economy, press, education, history, politics, society and traditions, literature, music....
Nation By Nation Info, government, human rights, news, geography, history, people, links....
Travel Notes Isalands info....
US Library of Congress Everything you ever wanted to know about Comoros....
Wikipedia History, politics, geography, economics, demographics, culture, other topics....
World66 General info, cities, history, people, economy, getting around, getting there, links....

Cities, Towns, Municipalities & Places

Anjouan An autonomous island of the Union of Comoros

Flag, Maps, Emblems and other information....

Cellular News Cellular coverage map, systems, frequencies....
Comores-Online The paradise for Comoros and Mayotte collectors - Philately, postcards, phonecards, maps, engravings....
ethnologue Languages
Flag Description, meaning, history, interesting facts
Flag Explanation, historical, military & political flags, subdivisions, national emblem....
World Atlas A brief description, fast facts, flag, landforms, maps, traveller info, weather
World Clock Local time, sunrise, sunset, GMT offset, daylight saving....
World Paper Money Paper currency since 1960

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Business and Economy

General, Economy, Reports & Statistics
Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Fact sheet (pdf) & travel information....
Bilateral Relations with Japan Diplomatic, investment, economic cooperation, residents....
Comoros and the IMF Position in the fund, reports....
MBendi Business information, news, industries, events
Muslim Trade Network Trade reference directory and guide....
US Department of Energy - Comoros Energy-related data, analysis & reports....
World Bank Overview, news & events, data & statistics, publications & reports, development topics, projects & programs, Public Information Center

Banks

Banque Centrale de l'Union des Comores Banking and financial activities

Directories, Job Opportunities

Investment & Promotion....


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Art, Culture & Sport

General resources, Heritage....

Art, Literature, Photography, Cinema....

Comores Photos Beautiful photos of the Comoros
Kalamu des îles
KomEdit Work for the development of literature written in the Comoros

Music, Song & Dance....

Bedja Musique, infos, photos, videos
Comores: Music Artists, bands, Traditional music
M'toro Chamou Artiste originaire de Mayotte, Comores
La Musique Mahoraise Le site officiel de la musique mahoraise
Maalesh Group Traditional Comorian music....
Mégaline Mayotte Musique culturelle et moderne
Numbawani Musiques de Mayotte et de l'Océan Indien

Cultural, Scientific, Environmental, Sporting Entities & Info

Action Comores To help alleviate the environmental problems of the Comores (our project is Livingstone's flying fox)
Animal Info Threatened species, environmental and social data
AquaStat Information on quantity and quality of freshwater and its availability
Dinofish Coelacanth: The fish out of time.
Lemuridae Lemurs are found only in Madagascar and the Comoro Islands....
Mother Jones Dynamite fishing, coral mining, and farm runoff take a toll

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Education

Schools, Colleges, Academies, Universities & Polytechnics

Institutions & Organizations

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History, Human Right & Politics

Ancient & Modern....
BBC Timeline A chronology of key events
Political Geography History
World History Archives The history of the Union of Comoros Islands
World Statesmen Flags, chronology, rulers, governors, ministers, commissioners....

Human Rights, Politics & Political Parties....

US Department of State Country reports on human rights practices

Parti Republicain des Comores The struggle for democracy and development

Related Sites, Articles....


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Visit Arab Media for satellite stations & Arab newspapers

Media

Newspapers, Magazines....
Al-Watan The national newspaper
Kashkazi Magazine
Kweli Magazine
La Gazette Weekly
Le Matin Daily newspaper

OnLine News, Newsletters, News agencies....

AlKomor.Com Venturing a fresh perspective on the Comoros
AllAfrica.Com News plus, news wire....
Comoros News New from World News Network....
Comores Presse Comores Infos (archives)
Rahachiri L'Information en ligne sur Mayotte
Washington Post News & references

Radio, TV, Internet....

Kweli TV
Radio Ocean Indien 100.5 MHZ FM STEREO
ORTC Office Radio et Television des Comores
Radio Dziyalandze La première radio d Anjouan
Radio / Tele Mayotte L'actualité quotidienne de Mayotte

Articles, Reports, Cartoons....

ORTC Office Radio et Television des Comores
KomorNet A new sight on Comoros, archived articles

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Government & Organizations, Corporations, Societies....

Government, Ministries, Councils....
Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members
Political Leaders Dates and figures of the leadership since 1975 (with pictures)

l'Assemblee de l'Union des Comores
Conference of the Partners of the Union of the Comoros A fundamental law in which each island enjoys a broad autonomy
President of the Comoros Union Official website - Government documents, information, directories....

Comores Telecom Societe Nationale des Telecommunication
Domain.KM Supplier of the domain names .km

Permanent Mission to UN Les Comores, economie, tourisme, administration, chancelleries, presidence de la republique....

Corporations, Organizations, Public Hospitals and Industrial Entities

Comores Telecom Societe Nationale des Telecommunications

Centers, Institutions, Societies....

La Fédération des Associations Mahoraises de Métropole
Societe Immobilière de Mayotte

Foreign Entities

PCUC Programme de Codeveloppement Avec L'Uniom des Comores
United Nations Le Programme des Nations Unies pour le developpement
Vice-Rectorat de Mayotte Site officiel. Activites de cette institution et presentation des projets les projets de développement...
World Health Organization Tobacco & health, socio-economic situation

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Travel & Tourism

Airlines, Air, Sea & Coach Charters services
Air Austral Flying the skies of Indian Ocean
Comores Aviation International

Travel, Tours, Guides.... More country info

Anjouan Online La perle des Comores
Itsandra Plongée Tourism & diving in Comoros
Mayotte Online Le Portail de l'île au Lagon
Mayotte Tourisme Site du comite du tourisme
Moheli Tourisme Une nature preservee
Reve Bleu Centre de plongee (Diving)

Lonely Planet Travel information, maps, photos, background historical and cultural information....
Travel Guide General & trave info, money, duty free, health, accommodation, visas....
World Travel Guide Travel information, regions & places....

Hotels, Resorts, Inns, Hostels....

Les Baobabs Chambres et table d'hôte à Mayotte
Isijiva Hotel, bar, restaurant - Mayotte
Moheli Laka Lodge A beach resort in the middle of the magnificent National Marine Park of Moheli in Nioumachoua
Relais des Indes Lodge and B&B - Mayotte
Villa Jessica Cosy little guesthouse - Grande Comore Island

Health & Travel Tips

Foreign & Commonwealth Office Travel information, country advise, latest travel updates....
Travel Document Systems Passports, visas, travel documents
US Consular Information Warning, visa, security, health, crime/drug penalties....

Weather....

Weather Underground Temperature, humidity, pressure and conditions by city
Yahoo Weather By city. Forcast, sunrise, sunset, humidity, wind, dewpoint....

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Visit Arab Gateways for Arab and other country links

Gateways to Comoros, Classifieds

Agenda des Comores Le premier portail de l'Union des Comores
Comores-Online
Malango Mayotte Directories, information, services, classified ads, weather, news
Mayannonce Premier site mahorais exclusivement consacré aux petites annonces locales

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