Arab Countries - Comoros

Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros - Republique Federale Islamique des Comores

The Country & People of Comoros

Special Arab Files

This page contains links to sites in Comoros and Comoros related sites.
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Comoros, the, officially Union of the Comoros, republic (1995 est. pop. 549,000), 718 sq mi (1,862 sq km), occupying most of the Comoro Islands, an archipelago in the Indian Ocean, between the African coast and Madagascar. The capital is Moroni. It consists of three volcanic main islands—Njazidja, Nzwani, and Mwali (formerly Grande-Comore, Anjouan, and Moheli, respectively)—as well as numerous coral reefs and islets. A fourth island, Mayotte, is administered by France but claimed by the Comoros. Because of poor soil, lack of natural resources, and overpopulation, the islands have severe economic problems. Most of the population is engaged in agriculture, involving subsistence crops and the production of vanilla, copra, and essential oils for export. The people are of mixed African, Arab, Malay, and Indian descent. French and Arabic are the official languages, but most people speak a local blend of Swahili and Arabic. The state religion is Islam.

History
Originally populated by immigrants from Africa, Indonesia, and Arabia, the islands were ceded to the French between 1841 and 1909. After occupation by the British in World War II, they were granted administrative autonomy within the French Union (1946) and internal self-government (1968).
In 1974 the islands voted to become independent, except for Mayotte, which chose to remain under French control.
In 1978 the Comoros was proclaimed a federal Islamic republic; shortly thereafter, a one-party state was formed under Pres. Ahmed Abdallah Abderrahman.
After his assassination in 1989, Saïd Mohamed Djohar became interim president and subsequently won election in a multiparty contest. He survived an impeachment attempt in 1991 and several coup attempts.
In 1996 Mohamed Taki Abdulkarim was elected president.
In 1997 rebels took control of the islands of Nzwani and Mwali, declaring their secession and desire to return to French rule.
In 1999 the islands were granted greater autonomy. Following a coup in Apr. 1999, Col. Azali Assoumani assumed the Comoran presidency.
Nzwani voted (2000) for indepedence, but in 2001 forces favoring reuniting with the Comoros seized power there, and a Comoran referendum approved additional autonomy for the three islands. Azali resigned (2002) prior to new elections, and Prime Min. Hamada Madi became interim president. After two disputed elections, Azali was declared president in May 2002.
An accord in Dec., 2003, concerning the division of powers between the federal and island governments paved the way for legislative elections in 2004, in which parties favoring autonomy for the individual islands won a majority of the seats.
The 2006 presidential election was won by Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi, a Sunni cleric regarded as a moderate Islamist.
In Apr., 2007, the president of Nzwani, Mohamed Bacar, refused to resign as required by the constitutional courts and used his police forces to retain power, holding an illegal election in June, after which he was declared the winner. The moves were denounced by the central government and the African Union, but the central government lacked the forces to dislodge Bacar.
In Nov., 2007, the African Union began a naval blockade of Nzwani and imposed a travel ban on its government's officials. With support from African Union forces, Comoran troops landed on Mzwani in Mar., 2008, and reestablished federal control over the island. Bacar fled to neighboring Mayotte, then was taken to Réunion; in July he was flown to Benin.
A referendum in May, 2009, approved of a constitutional amendment to extend the president's term to five years and replace the islands' presidents with governors, but it was denounced by opposition groups and voter turnout was light.
In May, 2010, however, the constitutional court overturned the term extension, but the president's term expired without new elections. In June, President Sambi formed an interim government, and elections were announced for November.

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Copyright (c) 2003 Columbia University Press.
Used by permission of Columbia University Press.

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About Comoros

General Information Also see Travel
All Referer Earth & environment, history, literature & arts, people, places, plants & animals, religion, science & technology, sports & everyday life....
ArabInfo Overview, government, history, links
ArabNet Overview, history, geography, business, culture, government, transport, tour guide, links
Atlapedia Geography, climate, people, demography, religion, education, modern history, currency, other information....
BBC - Country Profile Overview, facts, leaders, media....
Britannica.Com Country info, land, people, economy, society, government, history, culture, maps, statistics, links....
CIA World Factbook Map, geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military, issues
Comoro Islands Geography, climate, population, language, music....
Comoros Islands Comprehensive information.Country profile, islands & beyond, travel tips, currency, economy, population, climate, music....
Country Reports Economy, defense, geography, government, people, anthem, map, news, weather, links....
Encarta OnLine Info, land & resources, population, economy, government, history, other related items, links....
Expedia Almanac, fast facts, communications, on business, health & safety, transportation, traveler's directory
Info Please General info, map, geography, government, history, land & people....
MweziNet +Francais Encyclopedia of Comoros Islands. Web magazine - economy, press, education, history, politics, society and traditions, literature, music....
Nation By Nation Info, government, human rights, news, geography, history, people, links....
Travel Notes Isalands info....
US Library of Congress Everything you ever wanted to know about Comoros....
Wikipedia +Arabic Other languages History, politics, geography, economics, demographics, culture, other topics....
World66 General info, cities, history, people, economy, getting around, getting there, links....

Cities, Towns, Municipalities & Places

Anjouan Francais An autonomous island of the Union of Comoros

Flag, Maps, Emblems and other information....

Cellular News Cellular coverage map, systems, frequencies....
Comores-Online +Francais The paradise for Comoros and Mayotte collectors - Philately, postcards, phonecards, maps, engravings....
ethnologue Languages
Flag Description, meaning, history, interesting facts
Flag Explanation, historical, military & political flags, subdivisions, national emblem....
World Atlas A brief description, fast facts, flag, landforms, maps, traveller info, weather
World Clock Local time, sunrise, sunset, GMT offset, daylight saving....
World Paper Money Paper currency since 1960

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Business and Economy

General, Economy, Reports & Statistics
Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Fact sheet (pdf) & travel information....
Bilateral Relations with Japan Diplomatic, investment, economic cooperation, residents....
Comoros and the IMF Position in the fund, reports....
MBendi Business information, news, industries, events
Muslim Trade Network Trade reference directory and guide....
US Department of Energy - Comoros Energy-related data, analysis & reports....
World Bank Overview, news & events, data & statistics, publications & reports, development topics, projects & programs, Public Information Center

Banks

Banque Centrale de l'Union des Comores Francais Banking and financial activities

Directories, Job Opportunities

Investment & Promotion....



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Art, Culture & Sport

General resources, Heritage....

Art, Literature, Photography, Cinema....

Comores Photos Francais Beautiful photos of the Comoros
Kalamu des îles Francais
KomEdit Francais Work for the development of literature written in the Comoros

Music, Song & Dance....

Bedja Francais Musique, infos, photos, videos
Comores: Music Artists, bands, Traditional music
M'toro Chamou Francais Artiste originaire de Mayotte, Comores
La Musique Mahoraise Francais Le site officiel de la musique mahoraise
Maalesh Group +Francais Traditional Comorian music....
Mégaline Mayotte Francais Musique culturelle et moderne
976 musique Francais Music Mahoraise
Numbawani Francais Musiques de Mayotte et de l'Océan Indien

Cultural, Scientific, Environmental, Sporting Entities & Info

Action Comores To help alleviate the environmental problems of the Comores (our project is Livingstone's flying fox)
Animal Info Threatened species, environmental and social data
AquaStat Francais Information on quantity and quality of freshwater and its availability
Dinofish Coelacanth: The fish out of time.
Lemuridae Lemurs are found only in Madagascar and the Comoro Islands....
Mother Jones Dynamite fishing, coral mining, and farm runoff take a toll

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Education

Schools, Colleges, Academies, Universities & Polytechnics

Institutions & Organizations

Research, Resources & Projects


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History, Human Right & Politics

Ancient & Modern....
BBC Timeline A chronology of key events
Political Geography History
World History Archives The history of the Union of Comoros Islands
World Statesmen Flags, chronology, rulers, governors, ministers, commissioners....

Human Rights, Politics & Political Parties....

US Department of State Country reports on human rights practices

Parti Republicain des Comores Francais The struggle for democracy and development

Related Sites, Articles....


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Visit Arab Media for satellite stations & Arab newspapers

Media

Newspapers, Magazines....
Al-Watan Francais The national newspaper
Kashkazi Francais Magazine
Kweli Francais Magazine
La Gazette Francais Weekly
Le Matin Francais Daily newspaper

OnLine News, Newsletters, News agencies....

AlKomor.Com Venturing a fresh perspective on the Comoros
AllAfrica.Com News plus, news wire....
Comoros News New from World News Network....
Comores Presse Francais Comores Infos (archives)
Rahachiri Francais L'Information en ligne sur Mayotte
Washington Post News & references

Radio, TV, Internet....

Kweli TV Francais
Radio Ocean Indien Francais 100.5 MHZ FM STEREO
ORTC Francais Office Radio et Television des Comores
Radio Dziyalandze Francais La première radio d Anjouan
Radio / Tele Mayotte Francais L'actualité quotidienne de Mayotte

Articles, Reports, Cartoons....

ORTC Francais Office Radio et Television des Comores
KomorNet A new sight on Comoros, archived articles

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Government & Organizations, Corporations, Societies....

Government, Ministries, Councils....
Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members
Political Leaders Dates and figures of the leadership since 1975 (with pictures)

l'Assemblee de l'Union des Comores Francais
Conference of the Partners of the Union of the Comoros +Francais A fundamental law in which each island enjoys a broad autonomy
President of the Comoros Union Francais Official website - Government documents, information, directories....

Comores Telecom Francais Societe Nationale des Telecommunication
Domain.KM Francais Supplier of the domain names .km

Permanent Mission to UN Francais Les Comores, economie, tourisme, administration, chancelleries, presidence de la republique....

Corporations, Organizations, Public Hospitals and Industrial Entities

Comores Telecom Francais Societe Nationale des Telecommunications

Centers, Institutions, Societies....

La Fédération des Associations Mahoraises de Métropole Francais
Societe Immobilière de Mayotte Francais

Foreign Entities

PCUC Francais Programme de Codeveloppement Avec L'Uniom des Comores
United Nations Francais Le Programme des Nations Unies pour le developpement
Vice-Rectorat de Mayotte Francais Site officiel. Activites de cette institution et presentation des projets les projets de développement...
World Health Organization Tobacco & health, socio-economic situation

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Travel & Tourism

Airlines, Air, Sea & Coach Charters services
Air Austral +Francais Deutsch Flying the skies of Indian Ocean
Comores Aviation International Francais

Travel, Tours, Guides.... More country info

Anjouan Online Francais La perle des Comores
Itsandra Plongée +Francais Tourism & diving in Comoros
Mayotte Online Francais Le Portail de l'île au Lagon
Mayotte Tourisme Francais Site du comite du tourisme
Moheli Tourisme Francais Une nature preservee
Reve Bleu Francais Centre de plongee (Diving)

Lonely Planet Travel information, maps, photos, background historical and cultural information....
Travel Guide General & trave info, money, duty free, health, accommodation, visas....
World Travel Guide Travel information, regions & places....

Hotels, Resorts, Inns, Hostels....

Les Baobabs Francais Chambres et table d'hôte à Mayotte
Isijiva Francais Hotel, bar, restaurant - Mayotte
Moheli Laka Lodge +Francais A beach resort in the middle of the magnificent National Marine Park of Moheli in Nioumachoua
Relais des Indes +Francais Lodge and B&B - Mayotte
Villa Jessica +Francais Cosy little guesthouse - Grande Comore Island



Health & Travel Tips
Foreign & Commonwealth Office Travel information, country advise, latest travel updates....
Travel Document Systems Passports, visas, travel documents
US Consular Information Warning, visa, security, health, crime/drug penalties....

Weather....

Weather Underground Temperature, humidity, pressure and conditions by city
Yahoo Weather By city. Forcast, sunrise, sunset, humidity, wind, dewpoint....

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Visit Arab Gateways for Arab and other country links

Gateways to Comoros, Classifieds

Agenda des Comores Francais Le premier portail de l'Union des Comores
Comores-Online +Francais
Malango Mayotte Francais Directories, information, services, classified ads, weather, news
Mayannonce Francais Premier site mahorais exclusivement consacré aux petites annonces locales

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Books

Here is a selection of books, CDs and videos that will eventually cover various subjects related to Comoros.
Click on the book title for full details and reviews.

Recommended reading:


Madagascar & Comoros
By Becca Blond
Make the most of your trip-of-a-lifetime with the best itineraries and tips.
Special color section on the diverse animals, birds and plants of this unique destination

For "Learning Arabic" books and CDs, visit Writing & Pronouncing of Arabic names


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Created 1 November 2000. Last updated 23 February 2011
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(C)Copyright 2000-2011 Mazen Hejleh, Perth, Western Australia. All rights reserved.